Introduction

Middle Paleolithic site
Bterram is very rich in old civilizations and the oldest goes back to the Middle Paleolithic Ages, which was a hundred thousand years ago.  Many expeditions have found artifacts from Paleolithic Ages in Wadi keoue around Bterram. To read more information about these discoveries, please go to Keoue section (click).

Crusader religious site
Bterram has two old churches; one dedicated to Saints Cosmas & Damian and one to the Virgin Mary (Saydit El-Rass, right) served by the priest Youhanna Saoud. El Saydi is thought to be built by the crusaders during the same time of Balamand church. The historian Asaad Rustom mentioned that the patriarch Macarius has visited the church in 1648-1649.

Saints Cosmas and Damian were twins,  born in Arabia and had become eminent for their skill in the science of medicine. Being Christians, they were filled with the spirit of charity and never took money for their services. By conveying great love, they won the hearts of their patients as they taught them about the Faith. Their feast day is September 26th. They are patron saints of pharmacists.

Ottoman rule (Shehab's Emirs)
In the beginning of the 1600's, the Ottoman  granted the Lebanese Emirs a semi autonomous status. First, the Maans, (Fakhr ad Din I and II) ruled between 1120-1697. The Shihabs succeeded the Maans in 1697. They originally lived in the Hawran region of southwestern Syria and settled in Wadi at Taim in southern Lebanon. The most prominent among them was Bashir II
(1). During the Shehab's reign of Lebanon Mountains  (1697-1842), Bterram used to be an important  governmental center (2).

Local productions
Bterram  is largely known for its grapes and olive fields which have been mentioned in a sculpted statement on the gate of a very old school, Khairieh Hossen School build in 1316 near the Mansouri Mosque in Tripoli . Between 1885 and 1940, Bterram used to have two factories of natural silk production. One chimney used to dissolve the cocoons of silk is still present to these days (right picture). During the years 1941-1942, Bterram had two famous potter's workshops.

Olive oil is the most traditional production. Nowadays, people still use four traditional press manufactures for its extraction.

The major productions of Bterram are related to agriculture: olive oil, soap (see below), grapes, wines, arak, honey ... The cultured land is estimated to be 5.3 km square . One major industrial plant produces pasta, vermicelli, rice powder, and roasted coffee bean. (own by Michel Isaac Serhan).
 

 

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