Middle Paleolithic site
Bterram is very rich in old civilizations
and the oldest goes back to the Middle
Paleolithic Ages, which was a hundred
thousand years ago. Many expeditions have
found artifacts from Paleolithic Ages in
Wadi keoue around Bterram. To read more
information about these discoveries, please
go to Keoue section (click).
Crusader religious site
Bterram has two old churches; one dedicated
to Saints Cosmas & Damian and one to the
Virgin Mary (Saydit El-Rass, right) served
by the priest Youhanna Saoud. El Saydi is
thought to be built by the crusaders during
the same time of Balamand church. The
historian Asaad Rustom mentioned that the
patriarch Macarius has visited the church in
Saints Cosmas and Damian were twins, born
in Arabia and had become eminent for their
skill in the science of medicine. Being
Christians, they were filled with the spirit
of charity and never took money for their
services. By conveying great love, they won
the hearts of their patients as they taught
them about the Faith. Their feast day is
September 26th. They are patron saints of
Ottoman rule (Shehab's Emirs)
In the beginning of the 1600's, the Ottoman
granted the Lebanese Emirs a semi
autonomous status. First, the Maans, (Fakhr
ad Din I and II) ruled between 1120-1697.
The Shihabs succeeded the Maans in 1697.
They originally lived in the Hawran region
of southwestern Syria and settled in Wadi at
Taim in southern Lebanon. The most prominent
among them was Bashir II
(1). During the Shehab's reign of Lebanon
Mountains (1697-1842), Bterram used to be
an important governmental center (2).
Bterram is largely known for its grapes and
olive fields which have been mentioned in a
sculpted statement on the gate of a very old
school, Khairieh Hossen School build in 1316
near the Mansouri Mosque in Tripoli .
Between 1885 and 1940, Bterram used to have
two factories of natural silk production.
One chimney used to dissolve the cocoons of
silk is still present to these days (right
picture). During the years 1941-1942,
Bterram had two famous potter's workshops.
Olive oil is the most traditional
production. Nowadays, people still use four
traditional press manufactures for its
The major productions of Bterram are related
to agriculture: olive oil, soap (see below),
grapes, wines, arak, honey ... The cultured
land is estimated to be 5.3 km square . One
major industrial plant produces pasta,
vermicelli, rice powder, and roasted coffee
bean. (own by Michel Isaac Serhan).
from Bterram l
Family Trees l
Photo Gallery l Live
Map of Spreed l
Projects & Needs l